Coholic et al. (2012) Investigating the Effectiveness of an Arts-Based and Mindfulness-Based Group Program for the Improvement of Resilience in Children in Need

literature type:

journal article


Diana Coholic, Mark Eys, Sean Lougheed. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2012; Vol. 21, No. 5: pp 833-844.


We discuss preliminary findings from a study that investigated the effectiveness of a Holistic Arts-Based Group Program (HAP) for the development of resilience in children in need. The HAP teaches mindfulness using arts-based methods, and aims to teach children how to understand their feelings and develop their strengths. We assessed the effectiveness of the HAP by using comparison and control groups, and standardized measures. We hypothesized that children who participated in the HAP would have better scores on resilience and self-concept compared with children who took part in an Arts and Crafts group (the comparison group), and children who were waiting to attend the HAP (the control group). A total of 36 children participated in the study; 20 boys aged 8-13 years and 16 girls aged 8-14 years. A mixed-designed MANOVA was conducted using scores from 21 participants. We found evidence that the HAP program was beneficial for the children in that they self-reported lower emotional reactivity (a resilience measure) post-intervention. No changes were noted for perceptions of self-concept. Consideration should be given to how we can attend to young people's needs in relevant ways as resilience is a condition of a community's ability to provide resources as much as it is part of an individual's capacity for growth. Programs such as the HAP can engage children in a creative and meaningful process that is enjoyable and strengths-based.


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