Schneider et al. (2001) Stress Reduction Through Music in Patients Undergoing Cerebral Angiography

literature type:

journal article


N. Schneider, M. Schedlowski, T. H. Schürmeye, H. Becker. Neuroradiology. 2001; Vol. 43, No. 6: pp 472-476.


We studied the influence of music on stress reaction of patients during cerebral angiography. We randomised 30 patients to a music or a control group. We measured stress hormones, blood pressure, heart rate and psychological parameters. Patients examined without music showed rising levels of cortisol in plasma, indicating high stress levels, while cortisol in patients examined with music remained stable. Systolic blood pressure was significantly lower listening to music. Patients with a high level of fear did appear to benefit particularly from the music.


arts categories:


population(s) served: